these instructions are very useful
Get and patch the Linux kernel
To get an experimental Linux4SAM kernel up and running on an AT91 product, you have to go through the following steps:
1. identify on which linux kernel revision the experimental patches will apply
2. download the corresponding Linux kernel
wget http://maxim.org.za/AT91RM9200/2.6/2.6.xx-at91.patch.gz4. take the experimental patchset and apply it on top of the AT91 one
zcat 2.6.xx-at91.patch.gz | patch -p1
wget ftp://www.linux4sam.org/pub/linux/2.6.xx.at91.y/2.6.xx.at91.y-exp.patch.gzAnd then :
zcat linux-2.6.xx-at91-exp.diff.gz | patch -p1
You will now have an updated copy of the experimental Linux4SAM kernel.
there is a question : how to create patch from a version management tool ?
Create the patch.
patch -uN patchtest.txt patchtest1.txt > patch.txt
we can apply it.
patch patchtest.txt < patch.txt
Creating a Patch File:diff -Naur olddir newdir > new-patch
- or -
diff -Naur oldfile newfile >new-patch
Using the Patch Command:
patch -p0 <new-patch
patch -p1 <new-patch
Which one of the above patch commands you use depends on your current working directory.
Other Methods for calling the patch command - using standard input of patch:
cat new-patch | patch -p0
Levels in the Patch Command (-p0 or -p1?):The -p option will optionally strip off directory levels from the patchfile. For Ex: if you have a patchfile with a header as such:
--- old/modules/pcitable Mon Sep 27 11:03:56 1999Using a -p0 will expect, from your current working directory, to find a subdirectory called "new", then "modules" below that, then the "pcitable" file below that.
+++ new/modules/pcitable Tue Dec 19 20:05:41 2000
Using a -p1 will strip off the 1st level from the path and will expect to find (from your current working directory) a directory called "modules", then a file called "pcitable". Patch will ignore the "new" directory mentioned in the header of the patchfile.
Using a -p2 will strip of the first two levels from the path. Patch will expect to find "pcitable" in the current working directory. Patch will ignore the "new" and "modules" directories mentioned in the header of the patchfile.
here is a instruction in detail
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