Friday, April 16, 2010

difference between business and company

17. What is the difference between a company and a business?

Here are some basic differences between a company and a business:

1. The business has unlimited liability. This means that the owners can be sued in their personal capacity by creditors. A company, on the other hand, has limited liability and creditors have to sue the company and not the directors or shareholders of the company.

2. It is cheaper to register a business as compared to a company. The fee for registering a new company is $315 and the fee for registering a new business is $65.

3. A business is not required to prepare or submit audited accounts to ACRA on a yearly basis but a company may be required to do so. The business has to renew its registration yearly but the company is not required to do any such renewal.

4. It is easier to close a business as compared to a company.

For more information, please visit the ACRA website at and click on "Registration".

Thursday, April 15, 2010


Is it retail sale ? or web portal ??

4791 Retail Sale via Mail Order Houses or via Internet
This class includes retail sale activities via mail order houses or via Internet, i.e. retail
sale activities where the buyer makes his choice on the basis of advertisements,
catalogues, information provided on a website, models or any other means of
advertising and places his order by mail, phone or over the Internet. The products
purchased can be either directly downloaded from the Internet or physically delivered
to the customer.
This class includes:
− retail sale of any kind of product by mail order
− retail sale of any kind of product over the Internet
− direct sale via television, radio and telephone


6312 Web Portals
This class includes the provision of search facilities and other portals for the Internet.
Web search portals often provide additional Internet services, such as e-mail,
connections to other web sites, news, and other limited content, and serve as a home
base for Internet users.
This class includes:
− operation of web sites that use a search engine to generate and maintain extensive
databases of Internet addresses and content in an easily searchable format
− operation of other websites that act as portals to the Internet, such as media sites
providing periodically updated content
− social networking websites

Saturday, April 10, 2010

Must DO List When Visiting Singapore

visiting night safari. 

staying in raffles hotel. or at least having singapore sling there. 

trying to get into a sale opening session. 

eating durians and mangosteen. 

having roti prata in street side stall or the hawker centre opposite tekka market. dont forget teh tarik. 

having tiger beer feast with local uncles in hawker centre, or Lau Pa Sat at least. 

taking a bus journey in one of the heartland route; ang mo kio, bedok etc. better in school holiday season, sometime in the late morning. 

joining the crowd during the thaipusam festival (if you have a chance to live in Malaysia, then i heard it's more happening there) 

visiting geylang serai market in the evening during fasting month. 

not really particular singapore thing.. but.. going out with bunch of locals to karaoke on the weekend night. 

attending one of the parties organised by the F1. 

getting a weekend trip (long weekend is better) to endau rompin national park in neighbour malaysia. 

having chilli crab or butter crab in No Signboard seafood in Geylang, wandering around the area, joining the alley-side casino.. (the rest, it depends on individual's preference.. Cool )

Thursday, April 08, 2010

Accepting Credit Cards on Your Website

Accepting Credit Cards on Your Website

by Christopher Heng,

Are you thinking of selling things on the web? If so, you will probably also be considering some way in which you can accept credit cards on your site. Since new webmasters who visit often ask me about how they can get started accepting payments in this form, this article provides some basic information on adding credit card payment facilities to your website.

(Note: if you do not already have a website, you may also want to read The Beginner's A-Z Guide to Starting/Creating Your Own Website.)

Why Do It?

Credit card payments allow you to take advantage of the following types of customers:

  1. Impulse buyers. After reading your advertisements and hype on your site, buyers would be all fired up about your product. If they have a means of making a purchase immediately, you've secured that sale. If you only allow cheque payments, the additional time it takes for them to get their cheque book and mail out the cheque may be a deterrence. They may also have second thoughts later.
  2. International customers. Credit card payment is a tremendous convenience if your customers are overseas. It automatically takes care of the problems of currency differences as well as the time it takes for a cheque to travel to the vendor. You will lose a large number of overseas customers if cheque payment is the only way you can accept payment.

Methods of Accepting Credit Card Payments

There are actually two ways in which you can accept credit cards on your site.

  1. Using Your Own Merchant Account. To do this, you will need a bank that will allow you to open a merchant account. Requirements for this will vary from country to country, and you should check with your local banks for more information on this.
  2. Through a Third Party Merchant. There are numerous companies around that are willing to accept credit cards payments on your behalf in exchange for various fees and percentages. These are also known as "payment gateways".

Which Method Should You Use?

The initial costs of opening your own merchant account is usually higher than when you use a third party merchant. Indeed, some third party merchants have no setup fee at all.

However, the transaction fee (which is what you pay the bank or third party merchant for each sale) is much higher when you use a third party as compared to when using your own merchant account.

A third party merchant is usually convenient to use when you don't know if you can actually make much out of your product or service. If you just want to test the water to see how things are, this is usually a good way to start. It is also convenient in that the merchant takes care of everything for you. You just get a cheque at the end of each payment period (if you have earned enough) and concentrate on your products, services and customers.

Having your own merchant account accords your business with a certain amount of professionalism. And, as mentioned earlier, your transaction costs are usually much lower. However you have to be careful to minimize your credit card risks since you'll be processing the credit card payments yourself. This is not to say that there are no risks attendant in using a third party merchant.

Some Third Party Merchants / Payment Gateways

Here's a list of some third party merchants that you might want to consider if you're looking for ways to accept credit card payments. Except for PayPal, I have not actually tried any of them myself (as a vendor). Check them out carefully and use them at your own risk.

Note that rates and stuff that I publish below were correct at the time I investigated these vendors. It will most likely have changed by the time you read this since the merchants tend to modify their rates from time to time according to market conditions. Make sure that you check the current (up-to-date) details from their site before making any decision.

The list is arranged alphabetically.

Amazon's WebStore: This well known company allows you to create a store front that accepts orders and processes credit card transactions for you. You can associate your domain name with this store, so that you don't even have to create a website: the store, which you can customize, will become your website. The first month is free, and there is a fixed charge of $59.99 per month after that. For a higher monthly fee, $99.98 after your first free month, you can elect to have your goods sold on the main Amazon site, in addition to your own store.

CCBill: There are no setup fees. Transaction fees vary (I can't find the schedule though) depending on the volume of sales in each accounting period. According to their website, "these fees are never more than 13.5% of revenues charged during this one-week period for CWIE hosting clients and 14.5% for non-hosting clients".

CCNow: This is only for people who ship tangible, physical products. There is no setup fee, and they charge 9% per transaction except in the November and December where the fees are 8% per transaction (yes, lower).

Google Checkout: Google has its own payment gateway that is available for US and UK sellers. It is mainly for use if you are selling tangible and digital goods, although you can also use it to charge for services and subscriptions. Charges range from 1.9% + $0.30 USD to 2.9% + $0.30 USD per transaction, depending on the volume of sales in the previous month. If your buyer is not from your country (ie, not in the US if you are in the US, or not in the UK if you are in the UK), there is also another 1% processing fee.

Kagi: Kagi's fees seem to vary according to the order size, type of item sold and the type of payment (credit card, cash, money order) used by your customer.

PayPal: This well-known service allows you to set up a Premier or Business account (you can't receive credit card payments using a Personal account). The charges range between 1.9% + $0.30 USD to 2.9% + $0.30 USD for each transaction if you are in the US. Non-US users are charged different amounts according to the country. From experience, I find this service easy and fast to setup.

ProPay: A new competitor to PayPal (see elsewhere on this page) that currently only caters to US residents. Depending on the type of account you sign up for, you have to pay an annual fee (starting from $34.95) as well as transaction fees of 3.5% + $0.35 USD. However, to accept cards like American Express and Discover, you have to use their more expensive plans.

RegNow: Designed for software authors to sell their ware, this merchant charges a one-time activation fee of $19.95 USD plus a transaction fee of 6.9% plus $1 USD per unit for their commission (minimum $2 USD charge). They also provide you with facilities that allows you to easily set up an affiliate program.

How to Put an Order Form or Shopping Cart on Your Website

Once you have signed up the vendor of your choice, you will be able to put an order form or shopping cart on your site. Each vendor has a different method for this, but most, if not all, will provide you with premade forms that you can customize for your product or service.

(Note: if you use PayPal, and don't know where to start, see my tutorial How to Put an Order Form or Buy Now Button on Your Website Using PayPal for a step-by-step guide.)

Trying It Out

Whichever you choose, if you are selling things on the Internet, you really have not much choice but to accept credit cards. You probably don't know what you missed until you try it out.

All the best for your business!

Wednesday, April 07, 2010

Taxes Imposed Guide on Internet Business

Taxes Imposed On Internet Goods & Revenue

  • Under Singapore's tax laws, revenue earned from internet operations based in Singapore is subject to income tax. This applies to both personal and business income. 

  • Goods or services bought and sold online by GST-registered persons are also subject to Goods and Services Tax (GST) in the same manner GST would apply to offline transactions. 

  • Where physical goods are imported into Singapore, import GST is imposed. However, GST is not imposed if digitised goods (e.g. electronic books) are imported into Singapore through the Internet. This is because digitised goods are viewed as services for the purposes of GST and there is currently no GST on imported services.

    See:• Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (IRAS)
    • e-Tax Guide: Income Tax Guide on e-Commerce (PDF)

Thursday, April 01, 2010

How to build kernel

Some tips are useful in this slide.

<object id="_ds_23919583" name="_ds_23919583" width="670" height="550"
data=""><param name="FlashVars"
/><param name="movie" value=""/><param
name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="allowFullScreen"
value="true" /></object><br /><font size="1"><a
Kernel Hacking Free Course</a> - </font>